Chickenpox during pregnancy

Chickenpox during pregnancy

Having chickenpox during pregnancy would be the worst nightmare for any couple. It is a highly contagious viral infection that can be dangerous. So here we will be dealing with Chickenpox and how to keep yourself and your baby safe.

What is Chickenpox?

It is a viral infection also knows as varicella. It is caused by the varicella-zoster virus.

What are the symptoms that confirm Chickenpox?

It causes reddening of skin along with rashes and small spots or pimples, itchy skin, and fluid-filled blister. They spread from the torso to neck, faces and limbs. Before the physically visible symptoms appear, fever and body aches occur.

What causes Chickenpox?

Chicken pox usually occurs when a healthy person is exposed to the virus. It can be transferred by coming in contact with a sneeze or a cough, personal belongings, or oozing blisters of an infected person.

How can Chickenpox impact your pregnancy?

If you have been infected by the virus once, it is most likely that it won’t happen again as the body is immune to it. If you have not been infected and are pregnant, you are at the risk of getting infected. Avoid coming in contact with infected people.

Affect on baby

  • If you get infected in the first trimester, there is very less chance of any birth defect in the baby.
  • Getting infected between 13-20 weeks possesses a great risk of birth defects for the baby.
  • The most problematic is getting infected before 5 days of delivery or after 1-2 days of birth, as the baby is exposed to the virus and there is no time to get antibodies as the body produces antibodies after 5 days of exposure.

Birth defects like scars, vision problem, mental retardation, poor growth, abnormally small head and delayed development may be present. 

Measures to be taken to avoid such conditions

  • If you have been infected before, there is no need to worry as the body is immune to the virus.
  • A shot of zoster-immune globulin (ZIG) is given during pregnancy if you have never been infected and get exposed to an infected person. ZIG must be given within 4 days of exposure.
  • Most effective way is to get chickenpox vaccine 3 months before conceiving.
  • Avoid coming into contact with an infected person and if something like this happens, contact your doctor immediately.

To get more such pregnancy related information, download Pregnancy Health, Diet and Fitness App by Ango Health today.