Rubella (German Measles) during pregnancy- Prevention & Treatment

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella or German measles is a very contagious infection that is spread through the air from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. Rubella causes causes mild flu symptoms. Just half of the people infected by rubella show any symptoms. Other’s may not even be aware that they are infected. 

Some of the symptoms of rubella include: 

• Headache 

• Mild fever 

• Red eyes 

• Nerve inflammation 

• Enlarged and tender lymph nodes resulting into swollen glands 

• Pain in joints

• Runny nose

Problems Rubella can cause:

Rubella can seriously affect the pregnancy, especially during the first and second trimesters.

Rubella during pregnancy increases the risk of-
Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS): Most severe damage is caused by the rubella infection when the mother is infected early in the pregnancy. Especially the first 12 weeks (first trimester) are the most vulnerable ones. CRS is a condition where the infected mother passes on the infection to her developing baby during pregnancy. 

The most common birth defects include: 

• Hearing problems 

• Vision problems 

• Bone problems

• Heart defects 

• Intellectual disabilities 

• Liver and spleen damage 

• Low birth weight 

• Growth problems

• Rashes at the time of birth 


The best way to protect your baby against the infection is to make sure you are immune to rubella. A blood test can help you know whether or not you are immune to rubella.

If you are planning to get pregnant talk to your doctor about getting a blood test. Here’s what you can do to protect your baby, if you’re not immune to rubella,:

• Get the mumps and measles and rubella vaccine (MMR) and wait for a month before getting pregnant.

• If you are pregnant, you can be tested at your prenatal visit to make sure you are immune 

• Get vaccinated against the infection after you deliver. If you are not infected then you surely cannot pass it to your baby.

There are other things that you can do to prevent getting infected with rubella:

• As rubella is very contagious, stay away from anyone who has the infection.

• Tell your doctor as soon as possible, if you’ve been in contact with someone who has rubella.If you have rubella during pregnancy, your baby’s doctor will carefully monitor your baby after birth to detect any problems as early as possible.

To get more such pregnancy related information, download Pregnancy Health, Diet and Fitness App by Ango Health today.