Gestational diabetes isn’t permanent. Once a baby is born, blood sugar will most likely return to normal quickly.
When you eat, your digestive system breaks down most of the food into sugar called glucose. Your cells then use that glucose as a fuel. Insulin helps your muscle, fat and other cells absorb glucose
But in case your body doesn’t produce enough insulin or if the cells aren’t responding well, then the amount of glucose increases in your body and remains in the blood instead of going into the cells and getting converted into energy.
Your pregnant body naturally becomes more resistant to insulin so that more glucose is available for the nourishment of your baby. This is not a problem for most expecting mothers. But in case your body needs some more insulin to process the extra glucose present in the blood, the pancreas (long flattened gland located deep in the belly) secretes more.
There will be situations when the pancreas won’t be able to keep up with the demand of the insulin during pregnancy then the blood sugar level is likely to rise because the cells are not able to use the glucose. This will result in Gestational diabetes mean.
However, gestational diabetes is not permanent. Once you deliver, the blood sugar level will mostly come back to normal. Having gestational diabetes does not make the developing diabetes in the future more likely.
How to know if you have Gestational diabetes?
It is possible that anyone can develop gestational diabetes. It is less known form of diabetes so a lot of women might not be knowing about the risks. There are about 5 to 10 per cent of pregnant women who get gestational diabetes. However, you will more likely develop this if:
- Your body mass index is higher than 30
- You genetics can be the reason. If you have a close family member who has had gestational diabetes then you are likely to have it too
- Have had a medical condition that can cause diabetes. This can happen in case of glucose intolerance
- Have had Gestational diabetes before
- You are age 25 or above
- Have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
Gestational diabetes is likely to make the baby larger than normal and there can be complications in your delivery also. The baby can also develop low blood glucose because of which it will not get proper nutrients.
Unfortunately, there is no way of assurance that you will not get gestational diabetes. But there are ways to lower your risk. Start a healthy lifestyle by eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. This can make it less likely that you will develop the condition.
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