Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy

hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Hemorrhoids is nothing but the varicose veins or blood vessels in your rectum and anus that get swollen and become inflamed. They can be as small as a pea or even as large as a grape in size. They are most common in the last trimester of pregnancy and in the initial months after giving birth. The extra blood volume, the extra weight on the perineum and rectum and the increase in hormone progesterone makes the pregnant women more vulnerable to hemorrhoids.

The increase in blood volume causes the veins to dilate and the added pressure from your growing uterus makes them abnormally swollen. Constipation due to slower digestion and the associated strain to pass a bowel movement causes the tissue within the anus to bulge and protrude outside, putting you at high risk of developing hemorrhoids. Further, progesterone also contributes to constipation by slowing down your intestinal tract.

Pregnancy is a combination of pleasant life changing moments along with some ailments too.

Hemorrhoids can be of two types:-

1. Internal Hemorrhoids – That are inside the rectum. Often painless but tend to bleed except in the case of Prolapsed internal haemorrhoid which means it pushes through the anus and is outside the body.

2. External Hemorrhoids – They feel like small soft lumps around the anus and usually develop underneath the skin.

Some symptoms of Hemorrhoids include:-

1. Itching and burning sensation

2. Blood after bowel movement

3. Sharp pain near your abdomen or anus and uncomfortable pressure

4. Pain during or after the bowel movement

There are things that you can do that can help alleviate the discomfort caused due to hemorrhoids:-

1. Staying adequately hydrated and consuming fibre rich food supplements that include plenty of leafy vegetables, fruits and whole grains can reduce the risk of constipation and the severity of hemorrhoids. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated at all times.

2. Avoid the intake of processed grains like breads, cereals, cake etc. that are difficult to digest. Use healthy oil like olive or coconut oil for cooking purposes.

3. Keep the area clean by wiping it off using a baby wipe or a medicated wipe. Lifestyle changes like trying to pass stools in the morning and after meals can also be helpful when accompanied with adequate exercise.

4. Do not sit or stand for a long period of time. Changing your position frequently can also help.

5. Use of combination of cold and hot treatment. Apply an ice to the affected area several times a day and soak your bottom in a tub of warm water for around 10 – 15 minutes atleast twice daily.

Remember dealing with any kind of aliment can never be pleasant, but all of this is just temporary. Happy Pregnancy!

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